EXAME DE PROFICIÊNCIA EM LÍNGUA ESTRANGEIRA DESTINADO AOS PROGRAMAS DE PÓS
GRADUAÇÃO PUC-SP - Natureza da Prova
A prova consta de texto(s) em língua estrangeira de natureza acadêmica, extraídos de
revistas, jornais, livros, sites e/ou publicações específicas sobre temas que apresentam
repercussão na atualidade.
O objetivo da prova é verificar a competência de leitura e compreensão de textos, por meio
de questões que poderão exigir que o candidato seja capaz de:
- identificar e selecionar, no texto, as informações relevantes à questão, sejam elas gerais ou
- parafrasear e/ou redigir as respostas em português, a partir de informações relevantes do
texto em língua estrangeira.
- comparar (semelhanças ou diferenças) e relacionar diferentes informações do(s) texto(s).
- resumir, em português, as principais ideias do texto.
- traduzir, para o português, trechos selecionados do texto.
- demonstrar conhecimento de estruturas linguísticas relevantes para a leitura e
compreensão de textos, como por exemplo: conectivos, referentes de pronomes, referentes
textuais, argumentadores lógicos do discurso, marcadores textuais, entre outros elementos
linguísticos específicos a cada língua estrangeira.
MODELO de prova: INGLÊS
UNDERSTANDING THE FIRST GENERATION OF DIGITAL NATIVES
John Palfrey AND Urs Gasser
A MEMBER OF THE PERSEUS BOOKS GROUP
1 YOU SEE THEM EVERYWHERE. THE TEENAGE GIRL WITH THE IPOD, SITTING
across from you on the subway, frenetically typing messages into her
cell phone. The whiz kid summer intern in your office who knows what
to do when your e-mail client crashes. The eight-year-old who can beat you
at any video game on the market--and types faster than you do, too. Even
your niece's newborn baby in London, whom you've never met, but with
whom you have bonded nonetheless, owing to the new batch of baby photos
that arrive each week.
2 All of them are "Digital Natives." They were all born after 1980, when
social digital technologies, such as Usenet and bulletin board systems,
came online. They all have access to networked digital technologies. And
they all have the skills to use those technologies. (Except for the baby--
but she'll learn soon enough.)
3 Chances are, you've been impressed with some of the skills these Digital
Natives possess. Maybe your young assistant has shown you a hilarious
political satire online that you never would have found on your own, or
made presentation materials for you that make your own PowerPoint slides
seem medieval by comparison. Maybe your son has Photoshopped a cloud out of a family
vacation photo and turned it into the perfect Christmas card. Maybe that eight-year-old made
a funny video on her own that tens of thousands of people watched on YouTube.
4 But there's also a good chance that a Digital Native has annoyed you.
That same assistant, perhaps, writes inappropriately casual e-mails to your
clients--and somehow still doesn't know how to put together an actual
printed letter. Or maybe your daughter never comes down for dinner on
time because she's always busy online, chatting with her friends. And when
she does come down to dinner, she won't stop texting those same friends
under the table.
5 Maybe you're even a bit frightened by these Digital Natives. Your son has
told you, perhaps, that a boy in his ninth-grade class is putting up scary,
violent messages on his Web page. Or you heard about that ring of college
kids who hacked into a company website and stole 487 credit-card numbers
before getting caught by police.
6 There is one thing you know for sure: These kids are different. They
study, work, write, and interact with each other in ways that are very different
from the ways that you did growing up. They read blogs rather than
newspapers. They often meet each other online before they meet in person.
They probably don't even know what a library card looks like, much
less have one; and if they do, they've probably never used it. They get their
music online--often for free, illegally--rather than buying it in record
stores. They're more likely to send an instant message (IM) than to pick up
the telephone to arrange a date later in the afternoon. They adopt and pal
around with virtual Neopets online instead of pound puppies. And they're
connected to one another by a common culture. Major aspects of their
lives--social interactions, friendships, civic activities--are mediated by
digital technologies. And they've never known any other way of life.
7. Beginning in the late 1970s, the world began to change--and fast. The
first online bulletin board system (or "BBS," for short) let people with
clunky computer equipment and access to telephone lines swap documents,
read news online, and send one another messages. Usenet groups, organized around topics of
interest to communities of users, became popular in the early 1980s. E-mail began to enter
popular usage later in the 1980s. The World Wide Web made its debut in 1991, with easy-touse
browsers widely accessible a few years later. Search engines, portals, and
e-commerce sites hit the scene in the late 1990s. By the turn of the millennium,
the first social networks and blogs cropped up online. In 2001,
Polaroid declared bankruptcy, just as sales of digital cameras started to take
off. In 2006, Tower Records liquidated its stores; by 2008, iTunes had become
the largest music retailer in the United States. Today, most young
people in many societies around the world carry mobile devices--cell
phones, Sidekicks, iPhones--at all times, and these devices don't just make
phone calls; they also send text messages, surf the Internet, and download
8 This is the most rapid period of technological transformation ever, at
least when it comes to information. The Chinese invented the printing
press several centuries before Johannes Gutenberg developed the European
printing press in the mid-1400s and churned out his first Bibles. Few people
could afford the printed books made possible by presses for another
several centuries. By contrast, the invention and adoption of digital technologies
by more than a billion people worldwide has occurred over the
span of a few decades. Despite the saturation of digital technologies in
many cultures, no generation has yet lived from cradle to grave in the digital
9 No major aspect of modern life is untouched by the way many of us
now use information technologies. Business, for instance, can be done
more quickly and over greater distances, often with much less capital required
to get up and running. Politicians e-mail their constituents, offer
video introductions to their campaigns on their websites, and provide volunteers
with sophisticated digital tools to organize events on their own.
Even religion is being transformed: Priests and pastors, imams, rabbis,
gurus, and even Buddhist monks have begun to reach their faithful
through their weblogs.
Leia o texto e responda as questões em Português
PARTE A Compreensão de texto
Leia o texto e responda às questões de números 1 a 5 em português
1. No primeiro parágrafo da introdução responda quem está sendo descrito. (1 ponto)
2. De acordo com o texto, o que significa ser "born digital" e ser um "digital immigrant"?
Localize e transcreva ao menos 2 exemplos. (1,5 ponto)
3. Em que medida o quarto parágrafo se relaciona aos três primeiros? Qual palavra
antecipa essa relação? (1 ponto)
4. O parágrafo 9, "No major aspect..." menciona três instâncias da vida atual que não
ficaram intocadas pelas mudanças tecnológicas. Quais são elas e de que forma foram
afetadas? (1,5 ponto)
5. No parágrafo 7, Beginning in the late 70's...", selecione e transcreva em português 3
criações do início da era digital e 3 das mais recentes. (1 ponto)
PARTE B - Tradução
6. Traduza para o português o seguinte trecho do texto. (Valor: 2,5 pontos)
"Even your niece's newborn baby in London, whom you've never met, but with whom you
have bonded nonetheless, owing to the new batch of baby photos that arrive each week."
PARTE C Aspectos linguísticos
7. This is the most rapid period of technological transformation ever, at
least when it comes to information (0,5 ponto)
8. A expressão grifada seria melhor traduzida por: (0,5 ponto)
Como chega a informação
Quando chega a informação
Para ter a informação
Quando a informação tem respeito
No que diz respeito à informação
9. Na sentença abaixo, dê o significado da palavra grifada: (0,5 ponto)
Despite the saturation of digital technologies in many cultures, no generation has yet lived
from cradle to grave in the digital era.
Por causa da
No parágrafo 3, na sentença "Maybe your son has Photoshopped a cloud out of a family
vacation photo and turned it into the perfect Christmas card", o pronome IT tem como