WFP Aviation UNHAS

The United Nations Humanitarian Air Services (UNHAS) is a common service managed by WFP to serve
and provide the Humanitarian Community with safe and reliable air transport assets during
humanitarian emergencies.
WFP-Aviation also provides direct air support to WFP Logistics, providing aircraft for food distribution
where there is no other option available to get the food out to the beneficiaries.
WFP-Aviation bases its rules and regulations, staff qualifications and aircraft chartering procedures on
the United Nations Common Aviation Safety Standards (AVSTADS).
The AVSTADS have been agreed by The World Food Programme (WFP) and the Department of Peace
Keeping (DPKO) under ICAO guidelines. ICAO performed two audits of WFP Aviation in 2001 & 2005.

WFP Aviation UNHAS : Implementation Strategy
WFP Aviation provides WFP Country Offices (COs); all UN Agencies / NGOs and their
implementing partners, members from donor organizations and their Governments
(hereinafter collectively referred to as "clients") the following services:







Safety Evaluation of local aircraft operators
A scheduled passenger and cargo air transport service;
A dedicated aircraft to meet specific client requirements upon request;
Air transport for emergency and medical evacuation;
Professional technical services and assistance to clients; and
Strategic ad-hoc air transport for passenger/cargo movement.

WFP Aviation - UNHAS
WFP Operation: operation established by WFP
to cover its own requirements.
WFP/HAS: operation established by WFP to
cover its own requirements but with capacity
made available to partners
UNHAS: operation established by WFP upon
request of the Country Team or HC as a
common service

WFP Aviation - UNHAS

WFP Aviation provided since almost 20 years air transport services to
the humanitarian operations including:
- Delivering food aid and NFI;
- Transporting UN / NGO / Diplomatic personnel to ensure
safe, efficient and sufficient air transport services.
WFP Aviation Safety Unit: Ensures that WFP is using safe and reliable air operators:
- Pre-qualify new operators;
- Oversee contracted operators.
WFP Aviation Quality Unit:
Oversee contracted operators;
Oversee WFP Air Operations.
WFP Aviation Contracting Unit:
Request For Offers to short-listed Operators via e-mail tendering system;
Evaluation by a Committee basis of safety compliance level,
past performance and financial criteria.
Key Figures 2006
32,680 metric tonnes of cargo moved
383,042 passengers for over 500 humanitarian organizations
with 90 aircraft in 19 countries

A quick look at UNHAS performance 2001 - 2006
Transported Passengers
Transported Cargo (MT)

WFP Aviation Performance

Flying hours

450,000
383,042

368,215

400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
176,189

200,000
150,000

149,854

115,709
91,500

110,000

100,000

95,319

141,113

153,902

100,581
32,680

50,000
0
Year 2001

Year 2002

Year 2003

Year 2004

Year 2005

Year 2006

WFP Aviation UNHAS : Statistics
Average aircraft on contract:
2001 to 2003 is 65
then in 2004 and 2005 growing to +/-100
2004: 10 Helicopters on contract,
2005: 36 helicopters on contract,
2006: 40 helicopters on contract
2006: a total of 90 chartered aircraft
in 19 countries
Operations in 2007: Afghanistan, Chad, Congo, a,
CAR, Somalia,

WFP Aviation Unit
SDED Directive on Aviation Services
CATO reports administratively to the CD
CATO reports functionally to Head Aviation Unit
Aviation Unit available for assistance in evaluating
requirements and options

Users Groups
To be established in each common service
Provides guidance to the CATO and ensures
discipline among Members. SAOPs
Need for a strong involvement from all Users Level
of participants Regular meetings, etc..

WFP Aviation UNHAS : Challenges


Ageing aircraft;



No replacement for certain types of aircraft (DHC-5 Buffalo);



Replacement of turboprop by jets on longer sectors;



Operations mostly in remote areas with poor infrastructure
and fluid security environment;



Coordination with National Authorities;



Coordination between all humanitarian air service providers;



Staff training for common standards;



Funding Shortfall.

Emergency Response
Dispatch of Qualified Aviation Officers at the
onset of emergency for assessment and
preparation of an operational plan
Assistance for the preparation of SO, request
for IRA, request for CERF funding and for the
financial management of the SO
Aviation will hire Qualified Staff or organize
secondments in support to operations.

WFP Aviation UNHAS : Priorities
Development of Software Tools FMA;
Support to the Field + Emergency Response;
User Group in all Operations;
Security and Safety;
Customer Service: Survey + Analysis;
Review of Insurance Coverage;
Staff + Secondees + Partner training.

WFP Aviation: What does UNHAS offer?



A standardized air transport service management.



A standardized safety surveillance and risk management program.



Maintenance of safe and reliable operators shortlist as well as aircraft with
varying roles, capabilities and performance.



Capability of maximizing the utilization of aircraft by advancing any aircraft
that is under-utilised in one operation to another that requires additional
aircraft.



Standard administration of staff i.e. selection, assignment and performance
evaluation